Gynecologic Malignancies: Women’s Cancers We Treat

There are five main types of gynecologic cancer that affect women’s reproductive organs and that we treat at the Gynecologic Oncology Institute: cervical, ovarian, uterine, vaginal and vulvar. However, there are many more sub-types of these malignancies and those are listed below.  Fortunately, the vast majority are preventable, many are curable and most are highly treatable. We offer a unique combination of minimally invasive robotic surgery, precision-targeted therapies and holistic integrative natural support to ensure that you thrive in survivorship.

Discover The Gynecologic Oncology Institute Advantage

Uterine cervix cancer treatment depends upon whether or not it is still confined to the cervix, or, if not, how far did it spread? So, the most important part of treatment planning is to get the right combination of tests done first. We excel in ensuring that you are offered the best treatment options that fit your personal situation best.

Surgery is often the standard of care for early cervical cancer. We offer minimally invasive surgery which allows very rapid recovery and may even allow preservation of fertility if that is your desire. Read more about how we approach cervical cancer treatment.

There are multiple types of cervical cancer, including the following:

  • Squamous Cell Cancer

  • Adenocarcinoma

  • Neuroendocrine

  • Small Cell

Comprehensive treatment for these types of cervical malignancy differs because some are more aggressive than others. Treatment also differs based on stage, or finding out if the cancer has spread beyond the cervix. Some cancers of the cervix are highly curable by surgery, while others require radiation or even chemo.

The vast majority of uterine cancers are endometrial (uterine lining) and are highly curable with minimally invasive robotically assisted surgery. Surgery is often both the treatment and serves as a bigger biopsy to ensure that no additional treatment is required. At least 75% of the time, no additional treatment for endometrial cancer with chemo or radiation is needed.

Here’s a list of the main types of uterine cancer. It is crucial to have expert pathology review and determine which one you have, because this strongly influences the overall uterine cancer treatment plan.

  • Endometrial

  • Stromal Sarcoma

  • Leiomyosarcoma

  • Trophoblastic GTN

  • Carcinosarcoma / MMMT

In more advanced cases or for some of the types of uterine cancer, additional treatment will increase chances or a cure or at least a long remission. These situations require tailored patient specific treatment plans and that is our specialty. We use state of the art minimally invasive robotic surgery for uterine cancer.

Cancer of the ovary is hard to detect early. When it is found in early stages, it can be cured surgically. We employ robotically assisted minimally invasive surgery for both treatment and biopsies to determine if the cancer has spread or not. Early Stage I cancers may not need any additional treatment. However, this also depends on the exact cell type and our expert pathologists can determine that. Here is a list of the main types of ovarian cancer:

  • Epithelial

  • Germ Cell

  • Sex Cord Stromal

  • Sarcoma

Surgery is usually an integral part of an ovarian cancer treatment plan and is often the difference between cure and no cure. GOI surgeon Dr. Steve Vasilev brings over 30 years of extra-ordinary expertise in cytoreduction and minimally invasive surgery. He can provide state-of-the-art care for even the most difficult and advanced cases, and offers plans that are tailor-made for each individual patient. Read more about ovarian cancer robotic surgery.

The overall treatment plan for ovarian cancer is HIGHLY subject to individual findings in each patient. Cookie cutter, one-size-fits-all, treatment is completely inappropriate for this disease and is, unfortunately, what usually occurs. See us to help you determine your options.

Vaginal cancer is rare but, if found early enough, can be cured using minimally invasive surgery. These are the types of vagina cancer:

  • Squamous Cell

  • Adenocarcinoma

  • Melanoma

  • Basal Cell

  • Sarcoma

The overall treatment plan highly depends on the cell type and how extensive the disease is. You need both expert pathology and expert and detailed examination to help determine your best options. See us to make sure you discover all of your options

Vulvar cancer is not as rare as vaginal and is often highly curable. It is usually slow growing and spreads to lymph nodes late. However, some types are more aggressive than others. Our pathologists can help determine exactly what type you may have in order to determine the best overall options.

  • Squamous Cell

  • Adenocarcinoma

  • Melanoma
  • Basal Cell

Treatment for vulvar cancer is often surgery only, but the degree of surgery varies depend on exact location of the tumor. We are expert in helping you get the most minimally invasive surgery possible, while ensuring the best healing and best possible results.

The following gynecological cancers are more unusual and require expertise in surgical approaches as well as targeted therapies. Fallopian tube and primary peritoneal cancers are treated much like ovarian cancer, but there are some important differences. Discover what those are with us.

  • Fallopian Tube

  • Primary Peritoneal

  • Angimyxoma
  • Sarcoma

uterine cancer treatment
vulvar cancer treatment
personalized cancer therapy
primary peritoneal cancer